Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club situated in Manchester, England's Old Trafford district. The club competes in the Premier League, England's highest football league. The Red Devils were formed in 1878 as Newton Heath LYR Football Club but changed their name to Manchester United in 1902. In 1910, the club relocated from Newton Heath to its current stadium, Old Trafford.
Manchester United is one of England's most successful clubs, having won a record 20 Premier League titles, 12 FA Cups, five League Cups, and 21 FA Community Shields. They've won the European Cup/UEFA Champions League three times, as well as the UEFA Europa League, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, UEFA Super Cup, Intercontinental Cup, and FIFA Club World Cup. They became the first English team to win the European Cup in 1968, under the direction of Matt Busby, ten years after eight of their players were murdered in the Munich air disaster. Alex Ferguson is the club's most successful and longest-serving manager, having won 38 trophies in total, including 13 league crowns, five FA Cups and 2 UEFA Champions League titles. Under Ferguson's leadership, the team became the first in English football history to win the Premier League, FA Cup, and UEFA Champions League in the same season. The club became one of five clubs to have won the original three major UEFA club tournaments (the Champions League, Europa League, and Cup Winners' Cup) by winning the UEFA Europa League under José Mourinho in 2016–17.
Manchester United competes against Liverpool, Manchester City, Arsenal, and Leeds United, and is one of the most popular football clubs in the world. Manchester United was the world's highest-earning football club in 2016–17, with yearly revenue of €676.3 million, and the world's third-most valuable football club in 2019, with a valuation of £3.15 billion ($3.81 billion). After being listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1991, the club was taken private in 2005 after a nearly £800 million purchase by American businessman Malcolm Glazer.